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The Corrugated Box Manufacturing Process: From Raw Materials to the Final Product

Posted On: 2023-10-18 hqt

Corrugated boxes are the unsung heroes of the packaging industry, playing a pivotal role in safeguarding products during transit and storage. Their importance lies not only in their structural integrity but also in their versatility, eco-friendliness, and cost-effectiveness.

The manufacturing process of the corrugated box is paramount, as it directly impacts its strength, durability, and ability to protect contents. From selecting the right corrugated material to precise folding and gluing techniques, every step influences the quality and performance of these essential packaging solutions.

The Fundamental Raw Materials of Corrugated Box Production

Raw materials serve as the fundamental building blocks in the production of corrugated boxes, exerting a profound influence on their quality, strength, and sustainability. The following are key raw materials employed in the manufacturing process:

Pulp Wood

Pulpwood is the primary wellspring of paperboard, an indispensable constituent of corrugated boxes. Diverse wood types, such as pine, spruce, and various softwood varieties, can be utilized, each affecting the final product’s robustness and aesthetic attributes.

Sustainability Considerations 

Sustainable forestry practices are indispensable in mitigating the ecological repercussions of wood extraction for pulp. Certification programs like the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) play a pivotal role in ensuring responsible wood sourcing, thereby championing reforestation efforts and the preservation of biodiversity.

Starch Adhesive

Starch adhesive plays a pivotal role in binding the layers of corrugated cardboard together. Typically composed of starch, water, and assorted chemicals, it serves to augment adhesion and overall performance.

Inks and Dyes 

Inks and dyes assume a vital role in imprinting designs, branding, and labels onto corrugated boxes. Beyond aesthetic appeal, these materials convey essential information and branding messages to consumers.

Waxes and Coatings 

Certain corrugated boxes necessitate heightened protection and resistance to moisture, especially when housing items are exposed to damp environments or harsh conditions. To bolster these protective attributes, waxes and coatings can be applied to the corrugated board’s surface.

  • Wax: Wax coatings are frequently employed to establish water-resistant surfaces, rendering boxes suitable for safeguarding items sensitive to moisture.
  • Coatings: Coatings have the capacity to enhance the visual appeal, printability, and durability of corrugated boxes. They may encompass substances such as clay, latex, or polyethylene.

Production Process

The manufacturing process of the corrugated box involves several distinct stages, each contributing to the creation of a sturdy and functional packaging solution:


  • Timber is transformed into wood pulp through mechanical and chemical processes.
  • Mechanical pulping uses grinding and refining techniques to separate wood fibers.
  • Chemical pulping employs chemicals like sodium hydroxide to break down wood into pulp.

Paper Making

  • Wood pulp is converted into paper sheets.
  • The pulp is rolled, pressed, and dried to form these sheets.


  • A key step in corrugated box production involves creating a distinctive wavy or fluted layer that provides structural strength.
  • Paper is run through corrugating rollers to form the corrugated medium.


  • The corrugated medium is bonded between two flat liner sheets using starch adhesive.
  • This process results in the formation of the corrugated board, combining strength with a smooth surface for printing.

Cutting and Scoring

  • The corrugated board is cut to the desired dimensions.
  • Scoring lines are added to facilitate easy folding during assembly.

Printing and Labeling

  • Inks and dyes are applied to the corrugated board for branding, instructions, and other essential information.
  • Various printing methods such as flexographic printing, litho-lamination, and digital printing may be employed.


  • Additional treatments like waxing or applying coatings may be necessary for specific requirements, such as water resistance.
  • Quality checks are performed to ensure print clarity, adhesion, and structural integrity.

Forming Boxes

  • Die Cutting: Customized dies are used to cut the corrugated board into the desired box shapes.
  • Folding and Gluing: The flat cut pieces are folded and glued to assemble the boxes into their final shape.
  • Stitching or Stapling: In some cases, especially for larger boxes, stitching or stapling may be used to enhance structural strength.
  • Special Features: Handles, locking tabs, display windows, and other custom features can be added to meet specific packaging requirements.

Each of these production stages plays a crucial role in the creation of corrugated boxes that are not only structurally sound but also cater to various branding and functional needs. The process combines artistry and precision to deliver packaging solutions that protect and showcase products while serving as an essential part of modern supply chains.

Quality Control and Testing

Quality control and testing are integral to ensuring the reliability and performance of corrugated boxes. Key tests include:

the Edge Crush Test (ECT)

Which measures the strength of the corrugated board, assessing its ability to withstand stacking pressure.

Burst Strength Test 

Determines the box’s resistance to internal pressure, critical for protecting contents during transportation.

Water Resistance Test 

Evaluates the box’s ability to repel moisture, crucial for safeguarding products in damp conditions.

Print Quality Check 

Ensures the printed information on the box is clear, accurate, and meets branding and labeling requirements, enhancing visual appeal and functionality.

Packaging and Distribution

In the final stages of the packaging and distribution process:


Boxes are grouped together for efficient shipment and handling.


Boxes are stacked on pallets to optimize space and facilitate easier transport.


Attention to logistics ensures timely and efficient delivery, ensuring that products reach customers swiftly and in excellent condition.

These critical steps help streamline the supply chain, ensuring that corrugated boxes fulfill their vital role in safely transporting goods while maximizing efficiency and minimizing damage during distribution.


The manufacturing process of the corrugated box, from raw materials to the final product, is a meticulously orchestrated journey that transforms wood pulp into sturdy, customizable packaging solutions. Beginning with responsible wood sourcing and culminating in the careful assembly of boxes with specialized features, this process exemplifies the marriage of craftsmanship and technology. 

Quality control tests ensure reliability, while packaging and distribution steps optimize efficiency in getting products to customers. In an era of environmental awareness, sustainable practices are increasingly integrated, emphasizing the industry’s commitment to both functionality and eco-consciousness. These corrugated boxes, indispensable in modern commerce, continue to evolve, serving as a testament to innovation and adaptability in the packaging world.

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